The “Landscape and sustainable development” (PDD - Paysage et développement durable) research programme invites researchers to study the relationship and interactions between these two complex ideas from a scientific and scholarly standpoint, while integrating the main focuses of the European Landscape Convention, which entered into force in France on 1st July 2006. The second phase of the programme, from 2010 to 2015, is a logical continuation of the previous programmes (Landscapes and Public Policies and the first PDD programme from 2005 to 2010) whose purpose was to shed light on public decision-making policy.
Chaired by the Head of the Research Department of the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, the Orientation Committeof the programme is comprised of representatives from the various departments concerned, and their local agencies, as well as the Ministries of Agriculture, Research, Culture and Communication, French government agencies and offices (ONF - National Forestry Office, etc.), several associations (CAUE – Council for Architecture, Urban Planning and the Environment ; the French Federation of Regional Nature Parks [FNPR], Paysagistes Conseils de l’Etat, etc.), representatives from local authorities (City of Paris) and the Chairman of the Scientific Council.
Chaired by Yves Luginbühl (LADYSS-CNRS, Paris, France), the Council members are as follows : Marc Antrop (Ghent University, Belgium), Serge Briffaud (ensapBx, Bordeaux, France), Marianne Cohen (LADYSS-CNRS, Paris, France), Christian Dautel (Ecole Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Angers, France), Josefina Gomez-Mendoza (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain), Philippe Guttinger (Université de Paris X, Nanterre, France), Peter Howard (Landscape Research Group, United Kingdom), Yves Michelin (ENITA, Clermont-Ferrand, France), Raffaele Milani (University of Bologna, Italy), Bas Pedroli (ALTERRA, the Netherlands), Jean-Michel Salles (INRA, Montpellier, France), Joëlle Smadja (Centre d’Études Himalayennes, CNRS, France), Monique Toublanc (ENSP, Versailles, France), Chris Younes (ENSA la Villette, Paris, France).
Orientations of the research programme
The call for research proposals launched in 2010 is mainly founded on the results of previous programmes and observations resulting from the implementation of landscape policies.
The first axis of the programme aims to specify landscape development processes (axis 1), which are still not clearly defined and are difficult to understand due to the diversity of scales involved ; the role of indicators and social representations of landscapes in these dynamics should be the subject of further conceptual and methodological work.
The second axis concerns the economic approach (axis 2), already broached in the previous programme, but insufficiently developed : faced with the restrictions of the classic economic approach and the frequent criticisms of monetarisation, an approach which considers the landscape as the product of an economy is required, analysing the services which landscapes provide to society, and the ways in which to measure or assess their contribution to social wellbeing.
The contradictions between energy policies and landscape policies (axis 3) cannot fail to be noted. Within the context of climate change, we have to analyse the interaction between the various scales of policies and planetary challenges, explore ways to save energy at national level and better understand energy and landscape policy.
Finally, the development of participatory projects (axis 4) requires the analysis of their capacity to confront globalisation at local level, the role of the diversity of meanings of the word landscape, the contradictions between scientific and professional approaches, the involvement of the public and the assessment of forms of participation, ranging from information and consultation to mediation.
This book in english presents the results of the phase from 2005 to 2010 of the programme. You can order "Landscape : from Knowledge to Action" in English here.
Follow this link to see more publications from PDD2 and former PDD1 and PPP programmes.